The high-altitude, long-range performance of Gulfstream aircraft allows international scientists in dozens of programs to perform atmospheric research never possible before.
Hurricane Forecasting: Since 1997, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has deployed a Gulfstream GIV-SP for hurricane forecasting and research. The GIV-SP is noted for its high-altitude, high-speed performance and payload capabilities that allow multiple stations of onboard scientific equipment.
Atmospheric Research: Germany’s High Altitude and Long Range (HALO) research aircraft provides upper atmospheric data for about 30 scientific institutes. Program officials report that the exceptional maximum altitude, range and payload capabilities of the Gulfstream G550 platform represent a significant improvement compared with similar research aircraft previously in operation.
Environmental Research: Known as HIAPER for High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research, this Gulfstream aircraft is a leading player in gathering atmospheric data for the National Center for Atmospheric Research, which is sponsored by the National Science Foundation. Aircraft modifications allow for atmospheric sampling using instruments mounted in the cabin and custom-built wing pods.